National Legal Institute of Mongolia

Main objective: To create the necessary conditions for the implementation of programmes aimed at providing legal education to citizens on the basis of equality, accessibility and human rights Welcome to the website of the National Law Institute of Mongolia (NLI). Since its establishment by Government Decision No. 121 of 2002, NLI has conducted research aimed at scientifically improving Mongolian legislation, disseminating legal information throughout the country and organizing discussions on draft laws. We cooperate with the State of the Great Urals (Mongolian Parliament), the Ministry of Justice and Interior and other organizations to reflect the views of citizens and researchers. NLI is attached to the Ministry of Justice and Interior of Mongolia. The mission of the Institute is to provide legal education, information and research, as well as the implementation of the National Programme for the Improvement of General Public Law Education approved by the Government of Mongolia. The NLI is dedicated to research on the development of the scientific foundations of state legal policy. We prepare studies on common legal issues, support the development of draft laws and provide theoretical and methodological support. In 2016, we focused on the results of legal reform and future issues, making suggestions and recommendations on some issues that were taken into account in the establishment of a national policy to deepen legal reform according to Mongolia`s needs and requirements. Since 2018, we have trained approximately 1200 guides to provide essential legal information and advice across the country to improve public legal education.

In the coming year, we wanted to recycle them. We have also been developing website since 2018, offering optional legal training to smaller groups, including people with disabilities. Next year, we planned to organize such trainings for citizens living in remote areas, students and suburbs. Due to the increased accessibility of legal information, we have introduced some information channels such as a hotline, social media, chatbot and short message service. In order to broaden the scope of academic research, training, information and promotion, NLI collaborates with the international legal research network community. Your support and encouragement is greatly appreciated and your suggestion to work with us is always welcome. Thank you very much. According to a 2017 survey of the general population on legal needs and access to justice in Mongolia, only 59% of respondents knew where to get legal advice and information. Only 34% use some form of help.

[50] This lack of public legal knowledge is exacerbated by supply-side resource constraints, such as: a limited number of registered and practising lawyers (2,077 in 2018), of whom only 52 worked in legal aid centres. [52] While there is little socio-economic and demographic data on the population served by the courts, previous project reports have found that public legal education and legal aid services are particularly important for minorities, persons with disabilities and the poor, with women receiving a greater share of assistance than men. [53] For example, between 2012 and 2013, 69 percent of those treated by a legal aid clinic in a Ulaanbaatar slum were women. [54] The National Law Institute is a public body dedicated to legal research, legal education, and outreach activities for the purpose of advising and assisting in the formulation of national legislative policies and the improvement of legal services in Mongolia. The mission of the Institute is to provide legal education and legal information to lawyers, lawyers and the public in order to support professional legal education and public legal empowerment activities, and to promote the rule of law in Mongolia. In order to broaden the scope of academic research, education, information and promotion, the National Law Institute has signed a cooperation with the international community of legal research networks and is proud of our following partners. This obligation is relevant to the Conference of the Parties on Access to Information as it aims to improve the disclosure of legal information through the use of legal guidance, digital platforms and other offline communication channels. This commitment aimed to improve access to public legal education by identifying the unique needs of marginalized populations and establishing legal guides to provide accessible legal information. This is part of the National Programme to Enhance Legal Education for All launched in 2018. As part of this commitment, efforts were made to strengthen public legal education following a needs assessment, although only a small proportion focused on the needs of marginalized people. 1,136 legal guides have been certified [23], but only 187 have been certified to support LGBTQ+ and disability communities. [24] Legal training was provided to 2,000 members of the public, 139 persons with disabilities, 1,547 high school students and 387 parents and guardians.

[25] In addition, an electronic guide to legal advice and information for citizens was added to 2019. This portal has a legal database; information on the legal framework for public transport, employment, customs, taxation, settlement permits, education, financial services and other areas; a feature that facilitates discussions with government officials; and a built-in Facebook Messenger chat box. [26] Objective: to increase citizens` participation in decision-making and access to information through the adoption and implementation of specific programmes aimed at transmitting legal knowledge to target groups. Development of 50 legal guides for the dissemination of information to target groups, informal trainings constantly organized to reach 2000 citizens and increase citizens` legal knowledge to a certain level. 2. In May 2022, UNIDROIT received a delegation from Mongolia led by the Deputy Minister of Justice and Home Affairs together with other representatives of the Ministry, parliamentarians and the Director of the National Law Institute of Mongolia. The delegation was led by Prof. Ignacio Tirado (Secretary General), Prof. Anna Veneziano (Deputy Secretary General) and Marina Schneider (Principal Counsel and Depositary).

The fruitful meeting focused on Mongolia`s reflections on its accession to UNIDROIT as a Member State and included presentations on a number of UNIDROIT instruments such as the 2016 UNIDROIT Principles for International Trade Agreements, the Cape Town Convention and its Protocols, the 1995 UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects, the UNIDROIT/FAO/IFAD Legal Guide on Contract Farming and the UNIDROIT/IFAD Legal Guide on Agricultural Land Investment Contracts. A number of UNIDROIT high-priority projects, such as the Project on Digital Assets and Private Law and Best Practices in Enforcement, as well as other opportunities for cooperation between Mongolia and the National Law Institute of Mongolia and UNIDROIT, were also discussed.