Legal descriptions can be confusing and difficult to read, but they are one of the most important parts of acquiring property. Before you sit down to read your legal description, there are a few things you should know. An unlimited description of a triangular strip of land could read as follows: „From a point from which the north quarter of Section 4, T. 1 N (Municipality 1 North), R. 70 W (Zone 70 West) of PM 6 (the sixth major meridian, a north-south reference line) in Boulder County, Colorado, N 45°W carries 1,320 feet, point at which an iron pole was placed; thence southerly 600 feet to a point also marked by an iron pole; thence N 45° W, 700 feet to a large oak tree; thence northeasterly to the beginning. A second way of giving a legal description is called a rectangular or state survey system. This is what was established years ago by Thomas Jefferson in our country, and it mainly covers the entire country. Thomas Jefferson developed a system that draws straight, vertical, and horizontal lines, called the main meridians to the north and south, and the main baselines that run east and west. These kinds of problems have led the United States to largely replace this system, except in the East. Beginning with the Land Ordinance of 1785, a transition to the Public Survey System (PLSS) began, which was used in the central and western states. Eastern or home states continue to use the Metes and Bounds Surveys of their founders.
In legal documents such as lien, deed, trust deed, mortgage, and purchase agreement, courts require an accurate description of a property`s location. This is not just the address of the property, but a legal description. There is more than one type of legal description you need to know for your exam. The Métis and boundary method for legal land description is discussed in this article. During the trial, Warren L. Storey, Jr., the surveyor who conducted the 1982 survey, testified that since the property deeds did not include boundaries and boundaries, the property should be measured by calculating its square footage. This occurred despite the fact that the property contained artificial and natural physical boundaries. According to Storey, making such calculations would reveal the true dividing line between lots 76 and 77. In the end, the jury chose the 1982 line of inquiry. Boundaries and boundaries of a strip of land marked by natural attractions such as rivers or man-made structures such as roads or poles or other markings. One of the most important legal types of land description in the United States, Métis and boundary descriptions are often used wherever survey areas are irregular in size and shape.
Land borders are crossed by routes and distances, and monuments, natural or artificial, are fixed in nooks and crannies. A path is the direction of a line, usually with respect to a meridian, but sometimes also with respect to magnetic north. Distance is the length of a journey, measured in a known unit such as the foot or chain. Typically, the system uses the physical characteristics of local geography, as well as directions and distances, to define and describe the boundaries of a property. Boundaries are described in a common prose style that works sequentially around the packaging, starting from a starting point returning to the same point; Compare with the oral ritual of crossing borders. It may contain references to other adjacent parcels (and their owners), and it could in turn be mentioned in subsequent surveys. At the time of writing, it may have been marked on the ground with permanent monuments placed where there were no suitable natural monuments. A typical description for a small piece of land would be: „Beginning at a corner at the intersection of two stone walls near an apple tree on the north side of Muddy Creek Road, one mile above the intersection of Muddy and Indian Creeks, thence northerly for 150 posts to the end of the stone wall adjacent to the road, thence northwesterly along a line to a large rock standing at the corner of the property now owned or once owned by John Smith, thence westerly 150 stems to the corner of a barn near a large oak tree, thence south to Muddy Creek Road, and then on the side of Creek Road to the starting point.
The sequence begins with an identified corner that serves as a reference. The description then gives the distance, direction and various boundary descriptions, as if you were walking on the limits leaving the distance to the next corner where there is a change of direction. When watercourses are part of the boundaries, their meander is generally considered to be a straight line between established corners and their monuments. Land and block rights descriptions are used when it comes to a parcel of land within a subdivision. A plated subdivision contains all the blocks and lots found in the specific development. From here you can find your plot and block in relation to your property.