Commissioner: A person chosen by the court with the authority to hear and make decisions in certain types of legal matters. Change: A change or change, such as a change in a sentence (when the terms of the sentence for a defendant are changed) or a probation order (when a new parole order is issued that modifies the terms of the original order). Deduction from income: When automatic deductions of salary or income are made to pay a debt such as family allowances. Income deduction is often part of a child support order. It can be voluntary or involuntary. (See also direct deduction from income, deduction from wages.) Persons who are actively involved in the prosecution or defence of a court case. Family Court Orientation: A course that prepares parents for court-ordered mediation. A counsellor talks to parents about how their relationship affects their children and tells them what they need to know about custody and visitation. A proceeding in which a party to judicial proceedings requests the setting aside or modification of a judgment or final order of a lower court or administrative authority by a higher court.
A postponement granted by the court as part of legal proceedings. According to general practice, continuation may be granted only for a valid reason, such as illness, a lawyer or a party, or the unavailability of a witness or by agreement of the parties. Recourse based on a system of fairness, natural law or justice, as opposed to common law remedies. In general, a police search of a person or place without proper legal authorization to discover evidence, stolen property, weapons, etc. releases property: the property of a judicial debtor that is legally protected against payment of the judgment. With regard to civil actions in „justice” and not in „law”. In English legal history, courts could order the payment of damages and could not afford any other remedy (see Damages). A separate „justice” court might ask someone to do something or stop doing something (e.g., injunction). In U.S.
jurisprudence, federal courts have both legal and just power, but the distinction is still important. For example, a jury trial is usually available in „legal cases,” but not in „equity cases.” A lawsuit or legal proceeding against the person based on personal responsibility. A kind of deposit consisting of a written promise to appear in court if necessary, without deposit of money or other guarantees. A written statement from the judge to the jury on the law of the case. In family law or children`s law, the time at which a child becomes legally free of parental control occurs automatically when he or she reaches the age of majority (18 for most purposes). This can happen earlier if the child is married or if he is abandoned by the parents and supports himself. The declaration of legal rights that must be given to a person arrested or suspected of a criminal offense before he can be questioned by judicial officers. Periodic lease: An oral or written lease that specifies how often the rent is due, such as each week or month, but not the total number of weeks or months the contract will last. After signing, the decision must be taken to the court registry, where its accuracy will be verified.
If it is correct, it is entered and stamped. Get a copy and make one for the other party. This is your court order that can be enforced if it is not followed. Points and authorities: Also called „P and A”. „Points and Authorities” refers to the written legal argument given to support or reject an application. It contains references to previous cases, laws (codes) and other legal statements that emphasize either the legality of the requested request or the legal basis for the court`s rejection of the claim. Adolescents: A person younger than the legal age of adulthood, which is usually 18, but in some cases is 21. (See also minor subject.) An order directing a person to do exactly what they have agreed to in a contract; will only be awarded if pecuniary damages are not sufficient to compensate for the breach of contract. Conceptually differs from a divorce in that a divorce terminates a legal status, while a declaration of disability indicates that a marital status never existed. If a party to a civil action invokes this act, it will result in a stay of proceedings pending a new court order. Joint custody: A court order that gives both parents legal and physical custody of a child. An informal note or instrument that embodies something that the parties wish to remember with written evidence or that is intended to serve as the basis for a future contract or formal act.
Guidelines: In family law, a standard method of determining child support payments based on parents` income and other factors under state law. The federal Family Support Act of 1988 states that states must use guidelines to calculate each family`s support, unless there is a written court decision stating that the guidelines would be inappropriate for this case. The separation of a man and a woman effected by the judgment or adoption of a court that either completely dissolves the marriage or suspends its effects to the extent that it concerns the cohabitation of the parties. Incorrect parking: Violation of national or local parking regulations. Surrogate mother: a person who replaces the legal parent to advocate for a child`s rights and special educational needs; can be selected by the child`s parents or appointed by the local education agency (LEA). Annulment („Nullity of Marriage”): A lawsuit declaring that your marriage was never legally valid due to an unhealthy reason, incest, bigamy, illness too young to consent, fraud, violence or physical disability. Bail receipt: A written statement given by the court to a defendant that the surety has been paid. Driver`s licence suspension: A measure taken to prevent a person from renewing their driver`s licence until a legal issue is resolved. Memorandum of Issue: A legal document filed in a civil case indicating that the case is ready to be brought before the courts. (See Memo to set.) A written order issued by a judge directing an officer in a particular place to search and seize certain stolen or smuggled property, or that constitutes evidence of the commission of a criminal offence. Investigation: A judicial inquiry (inquiry) before a court or officials authorized to conduct investigations, usually to determine the cause and circumstances of a death.
Detention Order: A court order made („served”) by a sentencing officer or registered trial server that orders the employer of a judgment debtor to withhold the income of the court debtor for the purposes of garnishment of wages. A written record of an act, judicial proceeding, settlement or document prepared by an ordinary official on a legal basis and intended to serve as a memorial or permanent evidence of the matters to which it relates. Disposable income: What remains of an employee`s income after legal deductions such as taxes have been made. Disposable income is used to decide how much of the employee`s salary is used for a garnishment, garnishment or income allowance. Term used to refer to the clerk`s bank account, where money is deposited by litigants and kept until further notice from the court. Sole custody: A type of court order in which one of the parents has the legal authority to make the most important decisions that affect the child, such as health care, education and religion. If the parents do not agree on a decision concerning the child, the parent with sole custody has the right to make the final decision. „Sole custody” does not give one parent the right to move with the child without informing the other parent, unless the court order expressly gives that right. A legal theory that alleges that the defendant abused a court case, such as a subpoena or prosecution. A legal theory and a lawsuit based on a defendant`s misuse of the plaintiff`s personal property for his own benefit. Written statements submitted to the court describing a party`s legal or factual allegations about the case. Obligation: A promise made in the course of legal proceedings by a party or his or her lawyer, usually as a condition of obtaining a concession from the court or the other party.
Custody: The right and responsibility of a parent to make decisions about a child`s health, education and well-being. There are two types of custody orders: joint custody and sole custody. Subpoena: A formal order to go to court at a certain time. Subpoenas are often used to tell witnesses to come to court to testify in a trial. The term subpoena is also commonly used to refer to a subpoena duces tecum. After a hearing, the judge decides and indicates the court order. Final orders are valid for both parties for a defined or indefinite period. A final order can also be made if you and your former spouses agree to an order called a consent decision. Will: A legal document that lists a person`s wishes for what will happen to their personal property after their death.
Indicate case: A court order requiring a person to appear in court and provide evidence of why orders sought by the other party should not be issued or enforced. A reporting order is usually based on an application and an affidavit asking the judge to make certain decisions. A court case to enforce the payment of a debt by the sale of real estate in which the creditor holds a privilege. Lease: A contract to lease real estate, including residential property, such as a house or apartment. A lease is usually written and covers a certain period of time, such as 1 year. A lease for a place where you live (apartment or house) can be a written agreement or an oral agreement between the landlord and the tenant. The philosophy of law or science that deals with the principles of positive law and legal relations. Pendente lite: Describes the orders made during the litigation itself prior to the final decision; from Latin for „during the lament”. Order: (1) decision of a bailiff; 2. a directive of the Court of Justice on a question relating to the dispute in the main proceedings, which rules on a preliminary remark or guides certain stages of the procedure.